The State of the Sugar Industry workers in the Left-bank Ukraine at the ending of the 19 – at the beginning of the 20th c. (historical aspect)

Main Article Content

Valentyna Olyanych


Introduction. The problem of state regulation of the sugar market is a necessity for the countries that produce it from sugar beet. The lack of regulation leads to the decline of the industry through the saturation of the market with cheap imports. The study of the historical experience of the development of the sugar industry is important for the development of a modern model of state regulation of sugar production and sales.

Purpose. Status of workers in the sugar industry in Left-Bank Ukraine in the late XIX – early XX century in the conditions of state regulation of development of the industry.

Results. Workers of sugar factories were formed from both newcomers and local residents. Alien workers prevailed among the laborers, seasonal work. Skilled workers were predominantly from local residents. Profession they received mainly through the apprenticeship on the refineries, adopting skills from the elders. The system of vocational education in the pre-revolutionary crust in the sugar industry made only the first steps. Until 1917, there was a large percentage of non-sugar workers, especially in laborers and women.

The owners of sugar factories had one of the largest profits in the country's industry. To keep the sugar industry at the proper height, to ensure the high production technology, product quality, cyropractor did not skimp on the relatively high wages of engineering and technical personnel and senior and middle employees. Sugar workers, especially labourers and seasonal workers, received wages that did not cover the annual needs of their families. Without homesteads, without land, seasonal workers, laborers, and most of the permanent workers - the sugars could not afford a living wage.

Originality. Newly the degree of development of the topic in the historiography of the issue is analyzed; the classification of workers in the sugar industry in the late XIX – early XX century is identified; the features of the position of workers in this industry are revealed.

Conclusion. Workers in the sugar industry in the region no longer suffered from the development of capitalism, but from its underdevelopment. This underdevelopment manifested itself in the arbitrariness of entrepreneurs, archaic forms of employment, wages, occupational safety, housing and living conditions, the ban on trade union activity until 1905 and the persecution of trade unions after the revolution of 1905-1907. Better working conditions, housing, life at the some plants did not affect the overall situation in the industry.

Article Details



Rakovsky L.E. (1995). Sugar industry of Ukraine in the 60-90-ies of the XIX century. Thesis of doctor of sciences (history). Kyiv. (in Ukr.)

Marochko V.I. (1995). Ukrainian Peasant Cooperation: Historical and Theoretical Aspect (1861-1929). Kyiv. (in Ukr.)

Zaets A.S. (1995). The sugar market: problems of theory and practice. Kyiv. (in Rus.)

Kalinichenko V. V. (2006). History of the Ukrainian peasantry. Kyiv. (in Ukr.)

Reient O. P. (2011). Agriculture of Ukraine and world food market (1861-1914 years.). Kyiv. (in Ukr.)

Smoliy V. A. (2011). Economic History of Ukraine. Kyiv. (in Ukr.)

Moskalyuk M. M. (2005). Development of the food industry in Right-Bank Ukraine (the second half of ХІХth and early ХХth centuries). Thesis of candidate of sciences (history). Cherkasy. (in Ukr.)

Yurchenko D.Yu. (2013). Entrepreneurial and philanthropic activity of the Kharitonenko family in the second half of the XIXth – beginning of the XXth century. Thesis of candidate of sciences (history). Kharkiv. (in Ukr.)

Romanyuk N. Y. (2014). Rural entrepreneurship during the period of capitalist modernization of Ukraine: 1861-1914. Thesis of doctor of sciences (history). Kyiv. (in Ukr.)

Buravchenko R. V. (2006). Historical conditions of formation and development of sugar industry in Ukraine (XIX - early XX centuries). Thesis of candidate of sciences (history). Cherkasy. (in Ukr.)

Abalkin L.I. (1997). Entrepreneurship and Entrepreneurs of Russia: From the Origins to the beginning of the XXth century. Moscow. (in Rus.)

Horkova E.P. (1998). The history of entrepreneurship and philanthropy in Russia. Moscow. (in Rus.)

Lukawski Z. (1978). Poland in Russia 1863-1914. Wroclaw; Warszawa; Krakow; Gdansk (in Pol.)

Jezierski A. (1984). Problems of economic development of Polish territories in the 19th and 20th centuries. Warszawa (in Pol.)

Nickel S. (1935). The Germans in Volhynia. Kyiv, Charkow (in De.)

Arndt N. (1994). The Germans in Volhynia. A cultural-historical overview. Wiirzburg (in De.)

Praxenthaler B. (1995). Antennae over Wolhynian Germans in the Szhitomir regional archive. Munchen (in De.)

(1922). The number and composition of workers in Ukraine according to the first General census of the Russian Empire in 1897. Statistika Ukrainy. Seriya III: Statistika promyshlennosti i truda (Statistics of Ukraine. Series III: Industry and Labor Statistics), 1(2(2)), 1–131 (in Rus).

Ministry of Trade and Industry of the Russian Empire (1910). Summary of reports of factory inspectors for 1908. St. Petersburg (in Rus).

(1922). Excise taxed productions (according to the statistics of excise taxed productions of the General Directorate of non-taxable duties and state sale of drinks of the Ministry of Finance for the years 1900-1914). Statistika Ukrainy. Seriya III: Statistika promyshlennosti i truda (Statistics of Ukraine. Series III: Industry and Labor Statistics), 1(7(17)), 1–60. (in Rus).

Los’ F.Ye. (1961). The Labor Movement of Ukraine in the Revolution of 1905 – 1907. The Labor Movement in Ukraine in the Period of Imperialism. Kyiv (in Ukr.).

Zuev M.D. (1923). Sugar and its production. Kharkov. (in Rus).

Lando V.M. (1930). History and situation of work in our sugar industry in the days of capitalism. Part 1. Kyiv (in Ukr.).

(1913). Mikhailovsky Refinery of the Tereshchenko Brotherhood Society: description of the plant and work. Warsaw (in Rus).

Pakulsky N.A. (1900). Description of the Novo-Bykovsky beet-sugar factory of the Kozeletsky district. Kyiv (in Rus).

(1920). Statistics of the sugar industry. Visnyk tsukrovoyi promyslovosti (News of sugar industrial enterprises), 7–10, 97–125 (in Rus).

Prozhogin M.V. (1962). The formation and position of workers in the sugar industry of Ukraine (second half of the XIX century): autoabstract of dissertation … candidate of economical sciences. Moscow (in Rus).