THE CONCEPT OF «THE GREAT PEASANT WAR IN THE IN THE USSR 1918–1933» IN THE INTERETATION OF ANDREA GRAZIOSI: ATTEMPT OF CRITICAL ANALYSIS

Alex Viktorovuch, КOMPANIYETS

Abstract


The publication is dedicated to the concept of «Great Peasant War in the USSR 1918 – 1933» and its interpretation in the works of contemporary Italian historian A. Graziosi. Factors, that contributed to the genesis of the concept, in particular the E. Wolf’s, V. Danilov’s, T. Shanin’s approaches were identified. The question on expediency of using in such context of the definition of «peasant war» and the validity of the selected chronological frameworks was arised. The essential characteristics of the concept of «Great Peasant War in the USSR», that are offered in Western historiography, were analyzed. Author made attempt to identify the strengths and vulnerabilities of as the concept itself and the A. Graziosi’s approach to its interpretation in particular. The publication is accompanied by an interview of the author with prof. Graziosi.

Introdution. The concept of «Great Peasant War in the USSR 1918 – 1933» and its interpretation by modern Italian historian Andrea Graziosi is, along with the concepts of «everyday resistance» (James Scott), «culture of resistance» (Lynn Viola), «social banditry» (Eric Hobsbawm), «peasant wars of the twentieth century» (Eric Wolf) and «leaderless resistance» (Julius Amoss), etc., has a special meaning in the context of scientific historiographical analysis of dominant in western historiography approaches to peasant resistance to the social, economical and cultural policies of the Soviet power in the late 1920’s – early 1930’s.

Methods of researching are represented by: analysis, synthesis, systematization, generalization and comparative method.

Results. Peasant war, or, more precisely, peasant wars in Russia and then the Soviet Union, that permanently lasted in the widest sense from 1902 to 1938, acquired the character of «war against all», which led the peasantry, excited a strong moral imperative to farm peacefully on their land.

Originality. Author made attempt to identify the strengths and vulnerabilities of as the concept itself and the A. Graziosi’s approach to its interpretation in particular. The publication is accompanied by an interview of the author with prof. Graziosi.

Conclusion. Considering the research results of our predecessors, we can state that the «Great Peasant War in the USSR» appears as the permanent general background of the interwar era in Soviet Union. 


Keywords


Great Peasant War 1918–1933 in the USSR; Andrea Graziosi; western historiography; peasant resistance; «total» collectivization of agriculture; peasant revolution of 1902–1922; Victor Danilov

References


Besanson, A. (2007). The bolsheviks war against the peasantry. 1933. A. Besancon. Disaster century: communism, nazism and the uniqueness of the Holocaust, Kyiv : PULSARY U.P., 116-127 (in Ukr.)

Vasilyev, V. (2001). Ukrainian village in 1934: the policy of the Soviet leadership. History of Ukraine: Little-known names, events, facts, issue 19, 282 – 296 (in Ukr.)

Graziosi, A. (1997). Bolsheviks and peasants in Ukraine, 1918–1919: essay on bolshevism, national-socialism and peasant movement. Moscow : AIRO-XX (in Rus.)

Graziosi, A. (2008). The Great soviet peasant war. Bolsheviks and peasants. 1917–1933. Moscow: ROSSPEN (in Rus.)

Graziosi, A. (2005). War and revolution in Europe, 1905–1956. Kyiv : Solomiya Pavlichko’s PH «Osnovy» («Fundamentals») (in Ukr.)

Graziosi, A. (2005). The Hunger in USSR 1931–1933 and the ukrainian Holodomor: is a new interpretation possible ? Ukrainian Historical Journal, № 3, 120-131 (in Ukr.)

Graziosi A. (2007). Soviet Hunger and ukrainian Holodomor. Otechestvennye Zapiski (Notes of the Fatherland), № 1. Retrieved from: http://www.istpravda.com.ua/articles/2011/08/1/48331/ (10.01.2017) (in Rus.)

Danilov, V. (2011). History of the peasantry in Russia in the twentieth century. Selected works in 2 parts. Part 2. Moscow: ROSSPEN (in Rus.)

Danilov, V. (1996). Peasant revolution in Russia, 1902– 1922. Peasants and power. Moscow – Tambov, 4-23 (in Rus.)

Kondrashin, V. (2008). «Peasant revolution in Russia. 1902–1922» : Research project and scientific concept (preliminary notes). Ukrainian peasant, Issue 11, 70-74 (in Rus.)

Kononenko, S. & Kornovenko, S. (2016). Peasant Revolution 1902 – ? Ukrainian peasant, Issue 16, 73-78 (in Ukr.)

Fareniy, I. (2014). About the legality of the V. P. Danilov’s concept of the Great peasant revolution. Ukrainian peasant, Issue 14, 162-166 (in Ukr.)

Shanin, T. (2005). Peasant War in Russia 1902–1922. Speech at the agricultural seminar in memory of Viktor Petrovich Danilov. Krestyanovedenie. Theory. History. Modernity. The researchers note, Vol. 5, 30 – 38 (in Rus.).

Graziosi A., Negrel D. (1994). Collectivisation, révoltes paysannes et politiques gouvernementales [a travers les rapports du GPU d’Ukraine de fevrier-mars 1930]. Cahiers du monde russe : Russie, Empire russe, Union sovietique, Etats independants, Vol. 35, 437-472 (in Fr.)

Graziosi, A. (2009). Stalinism, collectivization and the Great Famine. Cambridge, MA : The Ukrainian Studies Fund.

Graziosi, A. (2001) The Great Famine of 1932–1933: consequences and implications. Harvard Ukrainian Studies, Vol. 25, No. 3/4, 157-165.

Graziosi, A. (1997). The Great soviet peasant war. Bolsheviks and peasants. 1917–1933. Harvard: Ukrainian Research Institute of Harvard University.

Graziosi, A. (2015). The impact of holodomor studies on the understanding of the USSR. East / West: Journal of Ukrainian Studies, Vol. II (1), 53-80.

Graziosi, A. (2005). The soviet 1931–1933 famines and the ukrainian holodomor: is a new interpretation possible, and what would its consequences be? Harvard Ukrainian Studies, Vol. 27, No. 1/4, 97-115.

Wolf E. (1969). Peasant wars of the twentieth century. Norman : University of Oklahoma Press.


Full Text: PDF

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.
Archive
2014 22   29 Том 328
2015 9   22 29
2016 1   02 3-4
2017 1 2 3 4
2018 1 2 3-4

User

Journal Content

Browse

Language