The Act Zluky January 22, 1919 by the eyes of the galician diplomat (by the memories L. Tsehelskyi)

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Galyna Yatseniuk


Introduction. Among the participants in the events of the Ukrainian National Revolution of 1917-1921 are a number of well-known figures, the activities of which today require special scientific consideration. First of all, this concerns the person of Longin Tsegelskyi – a diplomat, representing the Western Ukrainian People’s Republic in active political negotiations with the Government of the Directory of Ukrainian People’s Republic, before merging into one state. At the same time, the Western Ukrainian diplomat’s own vision of a certain difficult negotiation process between the two Ukrainian state entities becomes very relevant, as well as the very fact of proclamation of the Act Zluky.

The purpose of the study is to reflect his own vision of the key events of state formation. It should also be emphasized, that L. Tsehelskyi immediately, since taking up the post of Secretary of State of the Interior, actively engaged in an extremely important political issue – the construction of political institutions of Western Ukrainians.

Results. Let us note the key role of Longin Tsegelsky in the process of state unification of two parts of Ukraine. It was he who convinced the Government of the Directory to start cooperation with the government of ZUNR, and further justify the latter the need to conclude a unification agreement with UNR. It is necessary to point out the critical attitude of L. Tsegelskyi to the Government of the Directory, and some distrust of their political actions, which is not often mentioned in the relevant scientific literature. Nevertheless, this subjective attitude towards political partners did not prevent the Western Ukrainian diplomat from completing an important mission to its logical conclusion. Due to his hard diplomatic work, he was able to sign the Pre-Accession Treaty UNR from ZUNR, and further, on January 22, 1919, conclude the Final Act Zluky between them.

Conclusion. For the future, it is necessary to conduct a study comparing the activities of Longin Tsegelskyi and Ukrainian diplomats from the side of the Directory, concerning the proper preparation of the unification of two branches of the Ukrainian people into a single state. Therefore, performing a number of diplomatic missions and missions from the government of ZUNR, L. Tsegelskyi worked productively on the line of the foreign policy department.

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