Fundamental concepts of social formation history as a scientific direction in the Russian imperial historiography XIX – early XX century

Yuri Mykolayovych MYKHAILIUK

Abstract


In modern historiography tends increasingly move away from playing social history primarily through the prism of political history, class struggle and so on. However, the desire to put it turns into the epicenter of scientific research proper rights in order to comprehend human society in its entirety, exploring the social relationships between individuals. It is characteristic of East Slavic and modern historiography. However, it is usually omits a detailed analysis of the origins and formation of social history as a scientific field in imperial historiography XIX – early XX century. However, a detailed study of this process is particularly important for a full understanding of the evolution of scientific studies in this area.


Purpose. So the purpose of this article is to explore the conceptual basis of the origin of the East Slavic historiography XIX – early XX century. a new direction – a «social history» and to clarify the interpretation of the then science subject field of research.


Results. The formation of «social history» as a separate direction of research in historiography Empire was a difficult and long way. Already in the second half of the XVIII – early XIX century appears in the writings of historians interested in displaying different aspects of the internal life of the people. From the mid-nineteenth century. East European historiography active part in the phase of research into the history of the population of different states at different stages of historical development. A particular impetus for this were bourgeois reforms that time.


Formed initially as a history of conditions in the late XIX – early XX century Russian social history delineated as a special area of historiography. It became a kind of counterweight to the cultural and political history. In scientific usage was actively used the very notion of «social history». At the same time expanded its range of research fields. Social history was to go beyond the study exclusively caste division and legal situation of social groups joining with the subject of the research problems of relations between social groups, their internal dynamics change, economic and legal situation.


 


Conclusion. Thus, in a period of outlined historical study of social processes of society were specific path of evolution of theoretical and methodological foundations. Finding its origins in scientific studies on the life of people in general, they transformed the history of states, and then evolved into a social history as a separate scientific field.


References


1.     Simonovsky, P. I. (1847). Short description of the Cossack Little Russian people and the military affairs of his. Moscow: The university typography (in Russ.)

2.     Shcherbatov, M. M. (1770–1791). Russian history from ancient times: The 12 t. St. Petersburg (in Russ.)

3.     Boltin, I. (1788). Notes on the history of ancient and present-day Russia, the Leclerc. St. Petersburg: Typography Mining School, volume 1, 2 (in Russ.)

4.     Miller, G. F. (1846). Historical essays on Little Russia, and Little Russians. Moscow: The university typography (in Russ.)

5.     Miller, G. F. (1791). Description living in Kazan province the Gentiles. St. Petersburg (in Russ.)

6.     Rigelman, A. (1846). History or narrative of Don Kozak. Moscow (in Russ.)

7.     Rigelman, A. (1847). Annalistic story about the Little Russia, its people and all the Cossacks. Moscow: The university typography (in Russ.)

8.     Markovic, J. M. (1798). Writings on Little Russia, its people and products. St. Petersburg: In the provincial board (in Russ.)

9.     Berlinsky, M. (1820). Brief Description of Kiev. St. Petersburg: Typography Department of National Education (in Russ.)

10.  Berlinsky, M. F. (1991). History of Kyiv. Kiev: Naukova Dumka (in Russ.)

11.  Bantysh-Kamensky, D. N. (1836). Dictionary of memorable people of Russian land. Moscow (in Russ.)

12.  Bantysh-Kamensky, D. N. (1840). Biographies Russian Generalissimo and Field Marshals. St. Petersburg: Typography Department of the Ministry of State Property (in Russ.)

13.  Doroshenko D. (1991). Outline of the history of Ukraine. Kiev: Globe (in Ukr.)

14.  Lazarevsky, A. (1894). Former prospectors Little Russian antiques. Kievan antiquity. Monthly historical journal, december. Kiev: Typography Korczak-Nowicki (in Russ.)

15.  Kolesnik, I. (2000). Ukrainian historiography (XVIII beginning of XX century). Kiev: Genesis (in Ukr.)

16.  Karamzin, N. M. (1816–1824). History of the Russian State. St. Petersburg: Typography N. Grech (in Russ.)

17.  Polevoj, N. (1829–1833). History of the Russian people. Moscow: Typography Semen Avgust (in Russ.)

18.  Ustrialov, N. A. (1836). System of pragmatic Russian History. St. Petersburg: Printing L. Snegirev and K (in Russ.)

19.  Klyuchevskii, V. O. (1918). History classes in Russia. Third Edition. Petrograd: Literature and Publishing Department of the People's Commissariat of Enlightenment (in Russ.)

20.  Vinogradov, V. V. (1999). History of words. Moscow: Moscow Printing №2 Ministry of Press, Information and Broadcasting (in Russ.)

21.  Laws of the Russian Empire. Tom ninth. The laws of the states. (1857). St. Petersburg: The Printing Division II His Imperial Majesty's Chancellery (in Russ.)

22.  Filatova, E. (2004). Evolution of the concepts of «class» and «class» in Russia in the 19th. Gіstarychny Almanah, 9. Retrieved from http://kamunikat.fontel.net/www/czasopisy/almanach/09/09.htm

23.  Dictionary of Church Slavonic and Russian, IV. (1847). St. Petersburg: in the printing of the Imperial Academy of Sciences (in Russ.)

24.  Collegiate Dictionary. Volume XXXA. Sliuz-Sofiya Paleologos. Publishers F. A. Brockhaus and I. A. Efron. (1900). St. Petersburg: Printing «Publishing» (in Russ.)

25.  Rozhkov, N. (1905). Overview of Russian history from a sociological point of view. Part One. Second Edition. Moscow: Printing Shamova (in Russ.)

26.  Tikhomirov, L. (1905). Monarchical state. Part Four. Monarchic politic. Moscow: university press (in Russ.)

27.  Klyuchevskii, V. O. (1989). Terminology Russian history. T. VI. Special courses. Moscow: Thought (in Russ.)

28.  Chicherin, B. (1894). The course of the state of science. Part I. Total state law. Moscow: Typography I. Kushnereva (in Russ.)

29.  Chicherin, B. (1896). The course of the state of science. Part II. Sociology. Moscow: Typography I. Kushnereva (in Russ.)

30.  Bychkov, S. P. & Korzun, V. P. (2001) Introduction to the historiography of the national history of the twentieth century. Omsk: Omsk state University Press (in Russ.)

 

31.  Collegiate Dictionary. Volume XXXI. Sofiya – Static. Publishers F. A. Brockhaus and I. A. Efron. (1900). St. Petersburg: Printing «Publishing» (in Russ.)


Full Text: PDF

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.
Archive
2014 22   29 Том 328
2015 9   22 29
2016 1   02 3-4
2017 1 2 3 4
2018 1 2 3-4

User

Journal Content

Browse

Language