Agrarian crisis in the Russian empire in the late XIX – early XX century and start revolution of peasant

Z. Svyaschenko

Abstract


Abstract

The late of XIX – early XX century – is ambiguous period in socio-economic and socio-political history of the Russian Empire. On the one hand, there is a super-fast development of industry, finance, banking and others. On the other – the agricultural sector is experiencing crisis. The standoff between the government and the peasantry increasingly exacerbated. In 1902 «exploded» Ukrainian Left Bank (Poltava and Kharkiv province), henceforth the revolution of peasant spread to a large part of the Russian Empire giving impetus to the Romanov Empire fatal events of 1905 – 1907 years., and 1917 year.

It is noted that the crisis of the late XIX – early XX century in the agricultural sector was caused by a many group of factors. Most farmers suffered from ineffective or ineffective management systems on the ground, they suffered from low- and landlessness, cherespolositsy, pulled the deficit, equipment, tools and more. Additional obstacles that hindered the economic growth of agriculture, were questions of a legal nature.

On the need for changes in the socio-economic and socio-political situation farmers said representatives of the Russian political elite. Noting the crisis nature of agriculture, they insisted on the application of the urgent and serious measures, directed at addressing the crisis, improve financial, legal status of peasants.

In1902, awave of peasant uprisings in the provinces of Ukraine and Russia, that there were high concentrations of landlordism. A final role in the events of 1902 played Poltava and Kharkiv province, which stood dominance landlord and peasant land hunger. Everywhere there was an unprecedented determination before the behavior peasants and radicalism of their demands.

In the early twentieth century the historic arena stands qualitatively new farmers with revolutionary slogans liquidation of landlordism and private land ownership.

It is concluded that the agrarian crisis, triggered by ineffective or inefficient economic system on the ground, low-and landlessness, cherespolositsy, attracted deficit, machinery, tools, and as questions of law, which experienced Russian Empire in the late XIX – early XX century peasant revolution caused the early twentieth century. The criterion for the start of the peasant revolution is the emergence of a qualitatively new farmer.


Keywords


agrarian crisis, the agrarian question, the Russian Empire, the revolution of peasant.

References


References

Alekseev. G. (2011) Рeasant question as a mirror of the three revolutions in Russia. Government and the peasantry in XIX – early XX century: a collection of articles, Kolomna Moscow state Regional Socio-Humanitarian Institute (in Russ.)

Vronsky. A. (1993) Peasantry and power (1900 – 1923). Tula: TO IRO (in Russ.)

Kazarezov V. (2000) The peasant question in Russia (end of XIX – the first quarter of XX century.). M .: Kolos (in Russ.)

Kuznetsov I.A. (2015) The agrarian crisis and the Russian peasant economy of the late XIX – early XX century. Government and the peasantry in XIX - early XX century: a collection of articles. Kolomna Moscow State Regional Socio-Humanitarian Institute, 48-53 (in Russ.)

Sidelnikov S.M. (1980) The agrarian policy of the autocracy in the period of imperialism. Moscow: Publishing House of the Moscow University (in Russ.)

Simonovа M.S. (1987) Agrarian policy of tsarism crisis on the eve of the first Russian revolution. Moscow: Nauka (in Russ.)

Sagko V.V. Problems of agrarian reforms in Ukraine in 1900 – 1913.: historical and political dimension. Abstracts of dissertation, Chernivtsi (in Ukr.)

Danylov, V. (1992) Agricultural reforms and agricultural revolution in Russia / V. Danilov. Great stranger: the peasants and farmers in the modern world, Moskov. (in Russ.)

Danylov, V. (1996) The peasant revolution in Russia, 1902 – 1922. Peasants and power. Retrieved from www.patriotica.ru/history/danilov_rev.html

Danylov, V. (1998) [Preface] (Peasant movement in Russia in 1901 – 1904) Leningrad, Moskov: Nauka. (in Russ.)

The letter Nicholas II Witte SY in connection with the formation of the Meeting «to organize the peasant cause” in the country – about the need to change the legal status of the peasantry. Witte Chronicle. Documentation. Memories. Saint-Petersburg, (in Russ.)

Russian State Historical Archives (hereinafter – RDIA). F. 1291. Оп. 122. D. 70.

Dyakin V.S. (1997) Money for agriculture. 1892 – 1914 gg .: (Agricultural credit in the economic policy of tsarism). SPb .: Publisher of the St. Petersburg University, (in Russ.)

RDIA. F. 1233. Оп. 1. D. 1.

Kononenko Y.S. Kornovenko S.V. (2016) Peasant Revolution 1902 -? gg. (Ukrainian peasant). Vyp. 16, 73-78. (in Ukr.)

Verkhovtseva I.G. (2016) The politicization of government peasants in the Russian Empire in 1902 – 1907 years as the initial stage of the peasant revolution (Ukrainian peasant). Vyp. 16, 58-69.


Full Text: PDF (Українська)

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.
Archive
2014 22   29 Том 328
2015 9   22 29
2016 1   02 3-4
2017 1 2 3 4
2018 1 2 3-4

User

Journal Content

Browse

Language