Space mythology: horizontal semantics in traditional representations of the eastern slavs (as exemplified in spells)
Introduction. The subject of the space mythology is an important part of the mythological picture of the world, which explains the existence of different concepts of interpretation of its semantics and confirms the relevance of the problem studied.
Purpose. Study of the space mythology is a difficult task, so it is advisable to divide this issue into separate parts. In this aspect, the symbols of geometric figures, particularly the “circle”, “quadrilateral” and “corner”, make a special interest.
Results. The key to the implementation of the rite is a proper organization of space, particularly establishment of its centre and identification of boundaries of the periphery. Elements of the horizontal space are integral parts of the plot of the treatment myth. The flagship of the spatial horizontal is the quadrilateral. These are fields, cities, fortifications. Horizontally-perpendicular interlacing is characteristic of fabrics, hunting rods.
Semantic opposition to the quadrilateral is the circle that reflects natural forms. For example, trees, mountains, lakes, holes, hollows, astronomical objects, anatomical openings are rounded. Hence the symbol of the circle is used in burial rites, which is considered as a way of returning to the natural state. Possibly, the ritual burning of the deceased has relation to the idea of heavenly fire / circle. That’s why the ritual use of the circle serves as the protection against aggressive natural environment.
The semantics of the corner as a joining point of perpendicular straight lines more likely have relation to a quadrangle. Concurrences of direct lines in the corners create “weak” points. This explains the tradition of putting protective objects to the corners, including towers, icons, stones, protective amulets that enhance the inviolability and static nature of the horizontal space.
Toporov, V.N. (1983) Space and text. Text: semantics and structure. 227-284, Moscow (in Russ.); Kulikova, M.E. (2005) Sacred space of a myth (the Philosophical-cultural urological analysis): Dis .... kand. ... cand. philos. Sciences: 09.00.13: Rostov n / D (in Russ.); Shesterkina, N.V. (2012) Mythological chronotope as a connection between space and time. Lingua mobilis. 6 (39), 52-60 (in Russ.); Yakut, R. (2010) Mythological time-space in the story of M. Gogol «Vii» Socio-humanitarian problems of man (Sotsiohumanitarni problemy lyudyny). 4, 107-113 (in Ukr.); Darenskaya, V. (2007) «Slavic mythology» by Nikolai Kostomarov as reconstruction of the cosmizm of traditional folk culture. Visnyk of Lviv National University (Visnyk Lvivskoho universytetu). Series philological, 41, 67-73 (in Ukr.).
Fasmer, M. (1986) Etymological dictionary of the Russian language: in 4 vol.; [trans. with him. and additional. O. N. Trubacheva] In B.A, Larina (Ed.). Moscow: Progress. Vol. 1 (A - D) (in Russ.)
Polesskie plots (in the records of 1970–1990’s) (2003). In T.A Agapkina, E.E Levkievskaya, A.L. Toporkova (Ed). Moscow: Indrik (in Russ.)
Vaitkunskene L. (1986) To the question of the cult of a horse in Lithuania from the 5th – 6th c. Soviet archeology (Sovetskaya arkheologiya). 2, 100-109 (in Russ.)
Toporov, V.N (2006) Night and day: their confrontation and their mutual attraction. Studies on etymology and semantics: in 2 vol. Moscow, 2, 2, 166-197 (in Russ.)
Russian conspiracies and spells. Materials of folklore expeditions of 1953-1993. (1998) In V.P. Anikina (Ed). Moscow: Publishing house of Moscow University (in Russ.)
Toporov, V.N. (1983) To the semantics of quaternity. Etymology 1981. In H.E. Trubachev (Ed). Moscow: Science, 108-135 (in Russ.)
Field materials by the author. with. Cabbage of the Shpola district of Cherkasy region (in Ukr.)
Akimov, L. I. (1988) Fragment of a vase with a wedding scene. Chess ornament on the bride’s house. Life of the myth in antiquity: Materials of the scientific conference «Wipper’s readings – 1985». Moscow: Soviet artist, XVIII, I, 60-98 (in Russ.)
Poznansky, N. (1995) Plots. Experience of studying the origin and development of conspiracy formulas. Moscow: Indrik (in Russ.)
Proceedings of the Department of Old Russian Literature / USSR Academy of Sciences. Institute of Rus. lit. (Pushkin House). (1953) In V.P/ Adrianova-Peretz (Ed.). Moscow : Publishing House of the USSR Academy of Sciences, IX (in Russ.)
Ryaby, M. (1928-1931) Songs, weddings, Kupala songs, beliefs, legends, agriculture. Handwritten funds IMFe them. M. T. Rylsky NAS of Ukraine. F. 1-5. 425. 66 arc. (in Ukr.)
Savitskaya, G. B. (2004) The Symbol of Life. Science and Life (Nauka i zhizn’), 3, 63-66 (in Russ.)
- There are currently no refbacks.