CIVIL LAW OF THE USSR IN THE CONDITIONS OF THE ESTABLISHMENT OF THE SOCIALIST STATE OF 1921–1929

Artem Oleksandrovich BRYK

Abstract


Abstracts. In recent years, the Ukrainian state has undergone significant development, as well as shocks in the economic and political spheres. Further development of a democratic society requires a historical reassessment of past experience contained in the national history of the state and law. In this context, one of the most revealing pages of Ukrainian history was the period 1921–1929, as it covered the development of civil legal relations after the world and civil wars, against the backdrop of economic devastation and a change in the liberalization of the economic course. It was during this period that the codification of the legislative framework and the establishment of civil law institutes had taken place, which contributed to the country's exit from the crisis, to ensure the growth of the economy and living standards of the population of the Ukrainian SSR.

Purpose of the study is to identify a number of problem aspects related to civil legal relations that arose after comprehensive nationalization. Particular attention is paid to the analysis of legislative norms that allowed the Ukrainian socialist Soviet republic to overcome the economic and social crisis, to provide economic growth and improve the legal status in the civil legal sector.

Results are the definition of the basic legal base of civil law of the USSR in 1921–1929, analysis of trends in the application of civil law during the economic and political crisis in society. The historical research of the main achievements in reforming civil legal relations of the Ukrainian SSR is conducted.

Conclusions. The establishment of a socialist state in the USSR in 1921–1929 and the introduction of the provisions of the Civil Code of the USSR in 1922 positively influenced the economic situation of the country. The reform of the field of civil law took place gradually, with some actions of the Soviet government in favor of the peasantry and the principle of private property. The introduction of relative independence of the peasantry and the provision of guaranteed rights positively influenced the economic and political situation of the state. In order to overcome the crisis in the economic sphere of modern Ukraine, it is necessary to continue the development of the institute of civil law, to provide a regulated mechanism for observance and realization of rights and freedoms.


Keywords


civil law; legal act; ownership; socialist ownership; private ownership, the system of civil law.

References


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