The Ukrainian Opposition Folklore of the 1930’s: to the problem of classification and systematization
Introdution. Modern Ukrainian folklore studies experience many problems associated with insufficient developing, and in some areas - the complete absence of quality theoretical and methodological framework, which could ensure successful scientific work. Despite the fact that the times of the Great Famine (Holodomor) of 1932–1933 are one of the most speculative in historyography, it is among the most thoroughly studied in the Ukrainian 20th -century history. In context of that, the oral historical approach is the most useful, but oppositional folklore did not always receive sufficient attention from historians. To our mind, it is unfair because of its significant potential for learning the outlook and mentality of the peasants, their assessments of Stalin’s policy of «great change», reconstruction of Ukrainian village daily life at that time.
Methods of research are represented by: analysis of sources; comparative method; classification and systematization; generalization.
Results. As we see, previous researchers made some attempts at systematization and classification of collected folklore material. And none of the existing approaches still can claim to be exhaustive and versatility. Perhaps the reason for this is that the classification is advisable within a few taxonomic systems.
So, authors proposed new systems of folklore classification. It was made in some spheres: 1) geographical; 2) chronological; 3) genre; 4) thematic; 5) by the target of criticism; 6) by the ethnic attitude; 7) species division. Each of these systems can be used both alone and in combination.
Originality. Authors generalized and reviewed the existing approaches and the proposed new author’s approach to the solution of problems. Obviously, the scale of the raised problems can not achieve a single criterion taxonomy. Therefore, the authors offered various classification systems, sometimes with distinctly different principles of construction.
Conclusion. Review of the newest researches and publications shows that in the case of the classification of the opposition folklore the developed schemes of systematization of sources and use of their existing systems division does not have the proper dissemination and practical use.
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