Role of students in anti-governmental protests in Russian Empire in 60-90s of the 19th century: historiographical aspect

Yu. Burgaz


Introduction. The article examines the historiographic research of student role in anti-governmental actions in the Russian Empire in the 60-90’s of the 19thcentury. It explores motives of anti-government protests of student revolutionaries, describes the atmosphere in the area of academic and public life, which took place at that time in the Russian Empire.

Purpose. To analyze the works dedicated to the role of students in anti-government actions.

Results. The main results are a complex historiographic research of sources and literature on the role of students in anti-government actions in the Russian Empire of the 60-90’s of the 19thcentury. Great importance is given to the analysis of pre-revolutionary, Soviet and contemporary works and thorough analysis of evidence and conclusions. The analysis of pre-revolutionary publications failed to give a proper analysis of the causes of student unrest, as their authors had pro-government beliefs. For a long time in Russian historiography there was no proper work which would comprehensively analyze the role of students in anti-government actions without giving the proletariat a leading role. The work that has a great importance in researching the topice, according to the author, was the work of a modern historian N. Olesych who, using memories of students, teachers and police, highlighted the main reasons of students’ dissatisfaction and motives that pushed them to the anti-government protests. The author concludes that throughout the array of available literature there is evidently no comprehensive work on the chosen topic. But all of these fundamental studies of individual aspects of the subject laid the groundwork for the creation of generalized works. 


Conclusion. On the basis of material and elaborated historiographical analysis the author concludes that the students in the Russian Empire played a key role in the revolutionary movement, guided by their motives, they have become one of the key driving forces of revolution 1905-1907 and 1917. The issue of the article lies in historiographic study of the role of students in anti-government actions in the Empire in the 60-90’s as there are quite a number of studies, each of which has the opposite opinion, beliefs and orientations.


historiography, students, universities, statutes, anti-government demonstrations


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