The activity of the Shevchenko scientific society in the intewar period (1913–1939)

Victor Volodymyrovych GOCULIAK

Abstract


The activity of the scientific society of Shevchenko has a significant contribution to Ukrainian history. The activity of society was not limited to statutes and policy documents. We can distinguish several periods of development of the scientific society. The author provides an overview of the development of the scientific society named after Shevchenko in the interwar period.


Purpose The purpose of this article is to present the interwar period of the activity of the scientific society of Shevchenko.


Originality. The Shevchenko Scientific Society is the oldest Ukrainian academy of arts and sciences whose activities have been the mainstay of Ukrainian culture for the last 130 years. It traces its intellectual and scholarly lineage to the Shevchenko Scientific Society established in 1873 in Lviv. The Society organized and sponsored conferences, colloquia, symposia, and weekly public lectures. The Society published numerous scholarly works in various languages, including three multi-volume encyclopedias of Ukraine. While the main focus of the Shevchenko Scientific Society was on scholarship and education, it also served the general public: it provided information for students on institutions of higher learning, facilitated neighborhood educational programs, and hosted public lectures, and poetry readings. The First World War interrupted all NTSh activities, including plans to transform the NTSh into an academy of sciences in 1916. During the occupation the NTSh was outlawed, and its buildings and presses were confiscated. Many of its members died at the front or were civilian casualties, and many of its valuable library, archival, and museum holdings and scholarly acquisitions, as well as its student residence, were destroyed.


The NTSh was revived during the interwar period, but it functioned on a lesser scale. Many of its members became political émigrés in the West, some emigrated to Soviet Ukraine, and the influx of new scholarly cadres declined (in 1923 the NTSh had 106 full members, 30 of them foreign scholars).


 


Conclusion. It is worth noting that over the years NTSH has performed the role of the real Academy of Sciences of the Western sample. The society is the oldest and the most authoritative by creation time, and the results of the Ukrainian scientific public organization, which feeds a large national science. The period of activity of NTSH demonstrates the fact that what were the different conditions in late 19th–20th in Ukraine, Western Europe, America, Canada, Australia, countries but four generations of members of the Scientific Society named after Shevchenko, as an informal Academy of Sciences proudly bear the flag of Ukrainian science.


Keywords


historical science; the Shevchenko Scientific Society a scientific school;, historiography ; historical landmarks; creative achievements

References


1.     Periodic and serial publications of scientific societies. Shevchenko (18851939). Annotated index. (1990) / [comp. Kulchytska T. Y.]. Lviv (in Ukr.)

 

2.     Catalogue of publications of the Scientific society of. Shevchenko in Ukraine, 19902007. (2008). Lviv (in Ukr.)

 

3.     Burm, D. V., and Kucheruk, E. A. & Mavrin V. A. (2007). Scientific and publishing activities of the Scientific Society named after Shevchenko in Europe. Kyiv: Institute of Ukrainian Archeography and source studies at M. Hrushevsky GAG of Ukraine (in Ukr.)

 

4.     Winemaker, L. (2006). Mykhailo Hrushevsky and the Scientific society named after Shevchenko 18921934. New York-Drogobych-Lviv (in Ukr.)

 

5.     Lecturers Julia Gotsulyak V. assessment of the Lviv historical school of Hrushevskoho. Ukrainian historian. (1996). Anniversary edition. New York; Toronto; Kyiv; Lviv; Munich, 1-4 (128-131), 251-3260 (in Ukr.)

 

6.     Lecturers Julia Gotsulyak V. the activities of the organizational entities, the analysis of the state of Ukrainian historical science, historical research 80-ies of the XIX – early XX century. in scientific works of historians. Hotsuliak. Historiographical thought about Hrushevsky and the Ukrainian historical science of his era: Monograph. (1996). Cherkasy : Publishing house «the Sower», 34-49 (in Ukr.)

 

7.     Gotsulyak, V. (1996) M. Hrushevsky and scientific school in the Ukrainian historical science: historical aspects / V. Нotsuliak. Historiographical thought about Hrushevsky and the Ukrainian historical science of his time. – Cherkasy : Publishing house «the Sower», 50-77 (in Ukr.)

 

8.     Lecturers Julia Gotsulyak V. 125-anniversary anniversary the flagship of the Ukrainian science. The report at solemn meeting, NTSh Cells in Cherkassy on the occasion of the 125th anniversary of the Shevchenko scientific society (1998). Kano: «Roden», 16 (in Ukr.)

 

9.     Lecturers Julia Gotsulyak V. V. Assessment of the Lviv historical school of Hrushevsky and his further study of Ukrainian scientists. Lecturers Julia Gotsulyak. Mykhailo Hrushevsky and the Ukrainian historical science: materials of the conference : recording of meetings, Conf. [«Mykhailo Hrushevsky and the Lviv historical school 24 Oct. 1994 Morning session»] (1999), 291-296. (in Ukr.)

 

10.  Hrushevsky, M. S. (1904, March). Lvov scientific society of Shevchenko and his contribution to the study of southern Russia. Journal of the Ministry of education, 117-148 (in Ukr.)

 

11.  Doroshenko, V. (1914). Scientific society named after Shevchenko in Lviv (187318921912 years) / U. Doroshenko. Kyiv-Lviv: Score and copies of the society (in Ukr.)

 

12.  D. Academic society simani Shevchenko in Lviv. (1906). Ukrainian journal. Moscow (in Ukr.)

 

13.  Gnatyuk, V. (1925). Scientific society named after Shevchenko in Lviv: a Historical sketch of the first 50th anniversary 1873-1923. Literary and scientific journal, LХХХVI, 4, 367-374., LХХХVIІІ, 272-278. (in Ukr.)

 

14.  Zhukovskiy, A. (2000). Sketch of the history of the Scientific society named after Shevchenko in Europe / A. Zhukovsky. Lviv-Paris (in Ukr.)

 

15.  Kalakura, Y. S. by J. S. Kalakura. (2012). Ukrainian historiography: a Course of lectures. Ky: Genesis (in Ukr.)

 

16.  Kachmar, V. M. (2009). Lviv Ukrainian secret University. Encyclopedia of history of Ukraine. Kyiv: Naukova Dumka, 6, 368. (in Ukr.)

 

17.  Kubiyovych, V. (1949). The History of the Scientific society named after Shevchenko.The kubiyovych. New York-Munich (in Ukr.)

 

18.  Kubiyovych, V. (1973). The Scientific society named after Shevchenko in 19391952. Ukrainian historian, 1-2 hours (separate reprint) (in Ukr.)

 

19.  Cupcini, V. (1998). A little bit about the shape and direction of scientific and scientific-publishing activity of the Scientific society named after Shevchenko: the years 1892–1940 (international aspect). In the book: history of the Scientific society named after Shevchenko: CG. additional. and MSG. Sciences. sessions and conference. The Shevchenko scientific society in Lviv. Lviv (in Ukr.)

 

20.  Cupcini, V. (2010). Scientific society named after Shevchenko. Encyclopedia of history of Ukraine. Kyiv: Scientific thought, 7, 203-213. (in Ukr.)

 

21.  Kucher, V. G. (1992). Scientific society named after T. Shevchenko. Kiev (in Ukr.)

 

22.  Romanov, A. (1992). Mikhail Hrushevsky – organizer of the Ukrainian science. Bulletin of the Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, 1, 48-50.; His Hrushevsky and its role in the formation and development of Ukrainian national science (Gowcoo Society. Shevchenko in Lviv) (1994). Collection of scientific works. Lviv (in Ukr.)

 

23.  Studinski, K. (1929). Scientific society named after Shevchenko in Lviv (19731928). Notes of NTSh, 150, 9-18 (in Ukr.)

 

 

24.  Yas, A. V. (2005). Notes of Scientific Society named after Shevchenko. Encyclopedia of history of Ukraine. Kyiv: Naukova Dumka, 3, 213 (in Ukr.)

 


Full Text: PDF

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.
Archive
2014 22   29 Том 328
2015 9   22 29
2016 1   02 3-4
2017 1 2 3 4
2018 1 2 3-4

User

Journal Content

Browse

Language