The Problems of the Origin and Development of the Ukrainian Cossack State on the Pages of «The Ukrainian Peasant»

Оlena Anatoliivna BUNDAK

Abstract


Abstract. The problems of the birth and development of Ukrainian Cossack state of Bohdan Khmelnytsky on pages of scientific papers «The Ukrainian peasant» is being analysed. The author is disclosing the factors of importance and urgency of deep analysis in Cossack’s learning subject by history and humanities specialists in modern Ukrainian historiography. This is due to several factors, primarily the thing Ukrainian Cossacks is unique phenomenon in world history; secondly, Cossacks influenced on the formation of national consciousness of Ukrainian people and bore esteem potential for the development of society.


The roundtable talk under the title «Ukrainian Cossacks: problems and prospects of investigation» took place in December, 1990. It became a powerful impetus for diverse research groups to explore Cossacks phenomenon. It also showed the inexhaustible possibilities for Cossacks learning research directions for the coming years.


Since 2000, the issue of Bohdan Khmelnytsky Cherkasy State University «The Ukrainian peasant» has launched active discussion on diverse Cossacks learning topics. As the publication of History Academy, the Peasantry Research Institute and the Agrarian- chronographers Scientific Society the journal have consolidated the brightest representatives of Ukrainian scientific intellectuals, who productively, constructively and purposefully are trying to cover diverse aspects of the historical development of our country.


Retrospective analysis of 15 issues of professional edition depicts diversified genre palette on posed subject: the state-nature of the Cossacks; Cossacks influence on the formation of national consciousness in Ukrainian society; peasant as a factor for participation and interaction in the formation of the new socio-political forces Cossacks phenomenon; Cossacks in the system of social and economic relations of contemporary society; regional studies of various aspects of the origin and development of Ukrainian Cossacks; the formation of Cossack farm types in Left Bank of Ukraine; representation of Ukrainian Cossacks as military influential troops in medieval Europe; highlighting of Cossack heroism in the oral folklore and songs.


 


New quality of Cossack learning publications accumulated by Ukrainian historians was reflected as in quantitative so in qualitative terms. The common features of publications are: the expansion of thematic fields; strengthening the theoretical basis of documentary and theoretical authors’ statements; display of positive and negative assessments; illustration of approaches which belong to Ukrainian, foreign and Soviet times scientists who reviewed issues related to the Cossacks phenomenon.


Keywords


historiography, Cossacks, Ukrainian Cossack state, national phenomenon, «Ukrainian peasant»; farmers; fiscal policy; tax policy; Cossacks’ economy

References


1.     Ukrainian Cossacks: problems and prespectives of research (Materials of «round table»). (1990). Ukrainian historical journal (Ukrainian historical journal), 12, 12-29 (in Ukr.)

 

2.     Smoliy, V. (1991). Ukrainian Cossacks Phenomenon in general historical context. Ukrainian historical journal (Ukrainian historical journal), 5, 61-72 (in Ukr.)

 

3.     Kornovenko, S. (2002). Illustration of B. Khmelnitsky tax policy toward the peasantry in the national historiography in the 20's – early 80-ies. XX century. Ukrainskij Selyanyn(The Ukrainian Peasant): zbirnyk naukovyh prats. Bohdan Khmelnitskiy State University – Cherkasy (Bohdan Khmelnitskiy State University Cherkasy), 5, 203-210 (in Ukr.)

4.     Romantsov, V. (2001). Ukrainian peasants in Cossack state formation day: problem desplay in M.Kostomarov works. Ukrainskij Selyanyn(The Ukrainian Peasant): zbirnyk naukovyh prats. Bohdan Khmelnitskiy State University – Cherkasy (Bohdan Khmelnitskiy State University Cherkasy), 3, 22-26 (in Ukr.)

 

5.     Boechko, V. (2002). Socio-economic aspects of the Right-Bank Ukraine in the context of the liberation struggle in the middle of XVII. Ukrainskij Selyanyn(The Ukrainian Peasant): zbirnyk naukovyh prats. Bohdan Khmelnitskiy State University – Cherkasy (Bohdan Khmelnitskiy State University Cherkasy), 5, 12-14 (in Ukr.)

 

6.     Ivanhorodskyy, K. (2008). Rural layer of South part of Kyiv region in system of social relations XVI - first half XVII. Ukrainskij Selyanyn(The Ukrainian Peasant): zbirnyk naukovyh prats. Bohdan Khmelnitskiy State University – Cherkasy (Bohdan Khmelnitskiy State University Cherkasy), 11, 193-196 (in Ukr.)

7.     Ivanhorodskyy, K. (2010). Farmers factor in the genesis of Ukrainian Cossacks. Ukrainskij Selyanyn(The Ukrainian Peasant): zbirnyk naukovyh prats. Bohdan Khmelnitskiy State University – Cherkasy (Bohdan Khmelnitskiy State University Cherkasy), 12, 126-131 (in Ukr.)

 

8.     Ivanhorodskyy, K. (2012). Cossacks in the system of social and economic relations on the territory South part of Kyiv Region (until mid XVII): ethnosocial dimension of the problem. Ukrainskij Selyanyn(The Ukrainian Peasant): zbirnyk naukovyh prats. Bohdan Khmelnitskiy State University – Cherkasy (Bohdan Khmelnitskiy State University Cherkasy), 13, 75-81 (in Ukr.)

 

9.     Svyaschenko, Z. (2005). Cossacks social nature and formation of the Cossack tenure in Uman district (XV – middle of XVII century. Ukrainskij Selyanyn(The Ukrainian Peasant): zbirnyk naukovyh prats. Bohdan Khmelnitskiy State University – Cherkasy (Bohdan Khmelnitskiy State University Cherkasy), 9, 92-96 (in Ukr.)

 

10.  .Nechitailo, V. (2004). Development of Cossacks farming on the Left-Bank Ukraine after Hetmanate abolition (60-ies. XVIII century). Ukrainskij Selyanyn(The Ukrainian Peasant): zbirnyk naukovyh prats. Bohdan Khmelnitskiy State University – Cherkasy (Bohdan Khmelnitskiy State University Cherkasy), 8, 144-149 (in Ukr.)

 

11.  Stepanchuk, Y. (2012). Tsarist government Limit of prerogatives in Cossack army control by Hetman in the second half XVII – XVIII century. Ukrainskij Selyanyn(The Ukrainian Peasant): zbirnyk naukovyh prats. Bohdan Khmelnitskiy State University – Cherkasy (Bohdan Khmelnitskiy State University Cherkasy), 13, 85-90 (in Ukr.)

 

 

12.  Kornev, A. (2004). Khmelnytsky epoch and peasant «truth» in the song epics. Ukrainskij Selyanyn(The Ukrainian Peasant): zbirnyk naukovyh prats. Bohdan Khmelnitskiy State University. Cherkasy (Bohdan Khmelnitskiy State University Cherkasy), 8, 93-95 (in Ukr.)


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