The newspaper periodic of Cherkaschina in the period of the Ukrainian Revolution 1917–1921

Vasily Melnychenko

Abstract


Introduction. The article on the example of Cherkasy region analyzes the regional peculiarities of the functioning and content of the newspaper periodicals of the period of the Ukrainian Revolution of 1917–1921.The purpose of the article is to find out the informative possibilities, the thematic and genre orientation, the founders and the conditions of issue of newspapers that were published in the territory of the region.Results. According to the results of the study, it was established that the first newspapers in Cherkassy region began to be published in the early twentieth century. Until 1917, they were all Russian-speaking (except Kanev Week, which was published in Ukrainian and Russian).The next and qualitatively new period of development of newspaper periodicals in Cherkasy region began during the Ukrainian Revolution of 1917-1921 and the restoration of Ukrainian statehood. In the county cities of the region began to appear different in content, and in the areas of newspapers and magazines - state, party, military, trade union, cooperative, educational and other areas. Party-political publications that were printed in local print shops prevailed.Conclusion. Newspaper periodicals were an important component of the national-cultural and social-political life of the region. For the first time, Ukrainian-language newspapers and other periodicals, containing a wide range of thematic information, both official and daily, were widely published in Uman, as well as in other district cities - Zolotonosha, Zvenigorodka, Cherkasy, Kanev and Chigirin. The leading position in the newspapers was occupied by materials on the socio-political life of Ukraine and the region and an assessment of the political situation. Attention was paid to the peasant issue, cultural and educational life and local chronicle. Newspapers also featured advertising and various background information.

Keywords


Key words: press, revolution, newspapers, press, subject matter, Ukrainian People's Republic, Cherkasy region

References


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