FOREIGN HISTORIOGRAPHY ABOUT UKRAINE (FROM ANCIENT TIMES TO 17TH CENTURY)

Anatoliy Morozov, Nadia Pavlova

Abstract


The most informative reports about the Ukrainian lands and their inhabitants, which were written by the foreign authors during the 9th – 16th centuries were analyzed and presented, accompanying scientific comments. The mechanisms of forming and changing the hetero image (literally «Image of stranger») of Ukrainian lands in the mind of close and distant neighbors – travelers of the 9th – 16th centuries were analyzed from the standpoint of literary comparative studies, imagology, and identity studies.

Due to the special geopolitical situation of the Ukrainian lands, their development took place in close connection with the European and Asian societies. The long and intense interaction between historical actors, which at times was represented not only by different peoples but also by civilizations, resulted not only in an active cross-cultural exchange but also in inducing eyewitnesses to the corresponding reflections that were reflected in the pages of views, descriptions, travels diaries, letters, etc. In the context of globalization and intensive international contacts, the conversion of «past game» games into productive classes can be chosen to better understand the peculiarities of the historical development of different peoples and the specifics of their worldview.

Methods of researching are represented by: analysis, synthesis, systematization, generalization and comparative method.

A comprehensive and systematic review of the descriptions of stranglehold trawlers who visited the territories of Ukraine, provides an opportunity to elucidate in detail the individual aspects of the history of culture and the everyday life of the Ukrainian people. Such plots occupy a prominent place in the narratives of Ibn Fadlan, Al-Masudi, A. Gvanini, M. Lytvyn and E. Lyassota. In addition, foreign travelers emphasize the socio-cultural and military-political aspects of the life of the Ukrainian people of the XIX XVI centuries. respectively, and also characterize the situation of certain segments of the population.

From the perspectives of comparative studies, imagology, and identity studies, authors traced the evolution and found out the regularities of changing the heterogeneity of Ukrainian lands in the eyes of contemporaries during the IX – XVI centuries.

Numerous reports indicate that the Ukrainian lands, due to their geopolitical location, as well as the transit status between Europe and Asia, occupied an important place in the system of communications of the past centuries. Therefore, it was reflected on the pages of sources of personal origin of foreign travelers.


Keywords


foreigners; travelers; Ukrainian lands; historical and geographical descriptions; memoirs; diaries; hetero image

References


Veselovskyi, A. N. (1869). Several geographical and historical information about ancient Russia from the stories of the Italians. Zapiski Imperatorskogo Rossiyskogo obschestva po otdelu etnografii (Notes of the Imperial Russian Society for the Department of Ethnography). 2 (in Rus.).

Herbershtein, S. (1988). Notes about Moscovy. Moscow (in Rus.).

Holenyshchev-Kutuzov, Y. N. (1973). Slavic literature. Articles and Studies. Moscow (in Rus.).

Holobutskyi, V. (1960). The Problem of Cossacks in Ukrainian and foreign historiography XVI – early XVIII centuries. Ukrainskyi istorychnyi zhurnal (Ukrainian historical journal). 1, 109–117 (in Ukr.).

Horlenko, V. (1898). South Russian essays and portraits. Kyiv (in Ukr.).

Dashkevych, Ya. (1991). Ukraine on the border between East and West (XIV – XVIII centuries). Zapysky Naukovoho Tovarystva im. T. Shevchenka (Notes of the Scientific Society to them. T. Shevchenko). 222, 28–44 (in Ukr.).

Zaitsev, V. K, Slabieiev, I. S. (1966). Ukraine of the XVI – early XVII centuries in the descriptions and memoirs of foreigners. Ukrainskyi istorychnyi zhurnal (Ukrainian historical journal). 6, 124–130 (in Ukr.).

Ihnatovych, V. (2002). Ukraine – terra incognita. Kyiv (in Ukr.).

Reports of eyewitnesses, contemporaries and foreign writers (1874). Sbornyk materyalov dlia ystorycheskoi topohrafyy Kyeva y eho okrestnostei (Collection of materials for the historical topography of Kiev and its environs). 6, 10–11 (in Rus.).

Karpyny, P. (1911). History of the Mongols. Saint Petersburg (in Rus.).

Kurts, B. (1928). Reports of foreigners as a historical source. Zapysky istoryko-filolohichnoho viddilu VUAN (Notes of the historical–philological department of Academy of science of Ukraine). 19, 93–102 (in Ukr.).

Lytvyn, M. (1994). On the customs of the Tatars, Lithuanians and Muscovites. Moscow (in Rus.).

Liassota, E. (1984). The Diary. Zhovten (October). 10, 67. (in Ukr.).

Mekhovskyi, M. (1938). Treatise on the two Sarmatias. Moscow–Leningrad. (in Rus.).

Mytsyk, Yu. (1981). Notes of foreigners as a source on the history of Ukraine (second half of the XVI – middle of the XVII centuries). Dnepropetrovsk (in Ukr.).

Mytsyk, Yu. (1982). Historical and geographical description of Ukraine in the writings of the Italian humanist of the XVI century Giovanni Botero. Istorychni doslidzhennia. Vitchyzniana istoriia (Historical Researches. National history). 8, 29–33 (in Ukr.).

Nalyvaiko, D. (1998). In the eyes of the West: Reception of Ukraine in Western Europe. Kyiv (in Ukr.).

Nalyvaiko, D. (1972). Ukraine of the second half of the XVII century. in West European historical and literary monuments Ukrainskyi istorychnyi zhurnal (Ukrainian historical journal). 2, 132–134 (in Ukr.).

Ohloblyn, O. (1951). Western Europe and the Ukrainian Baroque. Annals of the Ukrainian Academy of Arts and Sciences in the US. l, 127–137 (in Eng.).

Okhmanskyi, E. (1979). Mihalon Lytvyn and his treatise on the customs of the Tatars, Lithuanians and Moscovites in the middle of 16th century. Russia, Poland and the Black Sea Region in XV – XVIII centuries. 97–117 (in Rus.).

Petrov, M. B. (2005). Kamyanets–Podilsky in the eyes of foreigners. Kamianets–Podilsky in the context of Ukrainian–European ties: history and modern times (in Ukr.).

Sverdlov, M. (1967). Reports about Russian–Scandinavian connections in the chronicle of Adam Bremen. Skandynavskyi sbornyk (Scandinavian bulletin). 12, 274 (in Rus.).

Serczyk W. A. (1992). Ukraine between East and West: Some Reflections on Professor Ševčenkos Essay. Harvard Ukrainian Studies. 16, 433–440 (in Eng.).

Serhiichuk, V. I. (1991). In the name of Vuisko Zaporozke (armed troops of Zaporozhye). Ukrainian Cossacks in International Relations of the XVI – middle XVII centuries (in Ukr.).

Sichynskyi, V. (1991) Foreigners about Ukraine. Lviv (in Ukr.).

Sichynskyi, V. (1992) Foreigners about Ukraine. The choice is from descriptions of travels in Ukraine and other scriptures of strangers about Ukraine for ten centuries. Kyiv (in Ukr.).

Strazhnyi, O. (2006). The mentality of Kievan Rus. The Kievan Rus. 9, 82 (in Ukr.).

Ukraine is the time of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania in the descriptions of foreigners. Access link: www.haidamaka.org.ua/0176.html

Fedorchenko, V. K., Dorova T. A. (2002). The history of tourism in Ukraine. Kyiv (in Ukr.).

Mykytas, V. (ed.), 1988. Ukrainian literature of XIV – XVI centuries: Apocrypha. Hagiography. Pilgrimage works. Historiographical works. Polemic works. Transcripts. Poetry. Kyiv (in Ukr.)

Shevchenko, I. (2001). Ukraine between East and West. Essay on the history of culture until the beginning of the eighteenth century. Lviv (in Ukr.)

Shekera, I. M. (1963). International relations of Kievan Rus. Kyiv (in Ukr.)

Chaban, A. Yu. (2011). History of the Middle Dnieper. Cherkasy: «Vertical», 9–17. (in Ukr.)


Full Text: PDF

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.
Archive
2014 22   29 Том 328
2015 9   22 29
2016 1   02 3-4
2017 1 2 3 4
2018 1 2 3-4

User

Journal Content

Browse

Language