The role of Bohdan Khmelnitsky in the formation of the Ukrainian national idea in scientific researches of O. I. Gurzhii, V. S. Smolii and V. S. Stepankov in the early 1990s

Yuri Stepanchuk


Introduction. In the early 1990s Ukraine badly needed historical evidence and scientific substantiation of the presence of the own state-building and historical tradition. The threat was obvious that society could be "thrown" by doubts or belief about its absence until 1991.

In particular, V. S. Smolii established that the claims had appeared far from historical truth about the nature and course of the National revolution under the leadership of B. Khmelnytsky and explanation of the circumstances of the transition of Ukraine under the protectorate of the Russian Tsar. According to the historian, far from being innocent, as at first glance, attempts can counter the fundamental, objective and deep scientific study of the historical past of Ukraine in all its ambiguity and controversy.

Purpose. The purpose of this article is to determine the place and role of scientific works of O. I. Hurzhii, V. S. Smolii and V. S. Stepankov in shaping the modern image of hetman B. Khmelnytsky as an example of the national-building of the mid of XVII century.

Methods. The problem-chronological method took the leading place in the writing of this article to cause the structural building of research. It enabled with due fullness to show the place and role of the scientific works of O. I. Hurzhii, V. S. Smolii and V. S. Stepankov in strengthening of the Ukrainian national idea in the early 1990s.

Results. On the brink of 1980s–1990s O. I. Hurzhii, V. S. Smolii and V. S. Stepankov became the initiators and participants of the many scientific conferences and «round tables». As a result, not only a strategy of new scientific interpretations of events related with the history of the Cossacks, National liberation revolution and its leader B. Khmelnytsky was produced, but also strong foundation for recovery of State historiography school in Ukraine was laid. On one of the meetings V. S. Smolii urged all the participants to abandon the traditional performances and suggested to pay attention on the study of the problem. The scientist described the negative consequences of the so-called dead season period in the study of problems of feudalism. V.A. Stepankov called the Ukrainian Cossack Republic as a unique state formation on the European continent and stressed the advisability of the creation of the Institute of history of the AN USSR of individual sector of study the history of Ukrainian Cossacks.

The declaration of State sovereignty has become the culmination step on the difficult way of the Ukrainian state-building. O. I. Hurzhii, V. S. Smolii and V. S. Stepankov are working on the national concept of the revolutionary events of the middle of XVII century and reproduction of state-building image of B. Khmelnytsky.

Originality. It is proved that the state-building image of B. Khmelnitsky created by O. I. Hurzhii, V. S. Smolii and V. S. Stepankov became the one of the symbols of rights heritage of Ukraine-Hetmanshchyna and the young Ukrainian State.

Conclusion. At the beginning of the 1990s O. I. Hurzhii, V. S. Smolii and V. S. Stepankov created a fundamental historiography base and contributed to the rapid growth of the number of the latest historical research dedicated to B. Khmelnytsky and events of Ukrainian national revolution of the mid of XVII century that became proportional to the growth of national and state identity of Ukrainian society.


O. I. Gurzhii, VA Smolij, V. S. Stepankov, B. Khmelnitsky, Ukrainian National Revolution, Ukrainian Cossack state, national state building, modern historiography.


U poshukah istorychnoi pravdy (“kruhlyi stil”) // Ukrainskyi istorychnyi zhurnal. – 1991. - № 10. – S. 3–10.

Kulchytskyi S. V. Istoriia Ukrainy: sproby novoho bachennia / S. V. Kulchytskyi // Ukrainskyi istorychnyi zhurnal. – 1991. − № 4. – S. 3–5.

Stepanchuk Yu. S. Vidnovlennia idei derzhavnosti Ukrainy druhoi polovyny XVII-XVIII st.: za materialamy “Ukrainskoho istorychnoho zhurnalu” (kinets-80-kh – serpen 1991 roku) / Yu. S. Stepanchuk // “Ukrainskyi selianyn”. Zbirnyk naukovykh prats Cherkaskoho Natsionalnoho Universytetu im. B. Khmelnytskoho. Vypusk 12. – Cherkasy, 2010. – S. 37–39.

Hurzhii O. I. “Kruhlyi stil” z pytan istorii feodalizmu na Ukraini / O. I. Hurzhii // Ukrainskyi istorychnyi zhurnal. – 1989. − № 9. – S. 157–158.

Ukrainske kozatstvo: suchasnyi stan ta perspektyvy doslidzhennia problem (Materialy “kruhloho stolu”) // Ukrainskyi istorychnyi zhurnal. – 1990. − No. – 12. –S. 12–29.

Stepankov V. S. Litopys Yoakhima Yerlycha yak dzherelo vyvchennia istorii Podillia I Pivdenno-Skhidnoi Volyni u druhii polovyni 50-kh – pochatku 70-kh rr. XVII st. / V. S. Stepankov // VIII Podilska istoryko-kraieznavcha konferentsiia. Tezy dopovidei. – Kamianets-Podilskyi. – 1990. – S. 63-65.

Stepankov V. S. Antyfeodalna borotba v roky vyzvolnoi viiny ta ii vplyv na formuvannia ukrainskoi derzhavy (1648–1654) / V. S. Stepankov. – Lviv: Svit, 1991. – 195 s.

Smolii V. A. Stanovlennia ukrainskoi feodalnoi derzhavnosti / V. A. Smolii. O. I. Hurzhii // Ukrainskyi istorychnyi zhurnal. – 1990. − № 10. – S. 10–20.

Smolii V. A. Ukrainska kozatska derzhava / V. A. Smolii // Ukrainskyi istorychnyi zhurnal. – 1991. − № 4. – S. 5–11.

Smolii V. A. Fenomen ukrainskoho kozatstva v zahalnoistorychnomu konteksti / V. A. Smolii // Ukrainskyi istorychnyi zhurnal. – 1991. – № 5. – S. 61–72.

Hurzhii O. I. Yak I koly pochala formyvatysia ukrainska natsiia / O. I. Hurzhii, V. A. Smolii. – K.: Nauk. dumka, 1991. – 112 s.

Ukrainska kozatska derzhava: vytoky ta shliakhy istorychnoho rozvytku: Materialy resp. ist. chytan. – Vyp. 1 / V. A. Smolii. K.: AN Ukrainy. In-t istorii Ukrainy, 1991. – 158 s.

Stepankov V. S. Bohdan Khmelnytskyi i problemy derzhavnosti Ukrainy / V. S. Stepankov // Ukrainskyi istorychnyi zhurnal. – 1991. − № 9. – S. 115–126.

Stepankov V. S. Prohrama derzhavnoho budivnytstva Bohdana Khmelnytskoho / V. S. Stepankov // Visnyk Akademii nauk Ukrainy. – 1991. – № 10. – S. 42–48.

Hurzhii O. I. Ukrainska kozatska derzhava v druhii polovyni XVII st.: Terytorialni mezhi ta naselennia / O. I. Hurzhii. – K.: In-t istorii Ukrainy AN Ukrainy, 1992. – 56 s.

Hurzhii O. I. Pravo v ukrainskii kozatskii derzhavi (druha polovyna XVII – XVIII st.) / O. I. Hurzhii – K.: Instytut istorii Ukrainy, 1993. – 48 s.

Hurzhii O. I. Pro osoblyvosti ukrainsko-rosiiskykh vzaiemovidnosyn v seredyni XVII st. (1654-1657 rr.) / O. I. Hurzhii // Ukrainskyi istorychnyi zhurnal. – 1992. – № 10–11. – S. 13–23.

Smolii V. A. Pravoberezhna Ukraina u druhii polovyni XVII – XVIII st.: problem derzhavotvorennia / V. A. Smolii, V. S. Stepankov. – K.: Akademiia nauk Ukrainy, Instytut ukrainskoi arkheohrafii. – 1993. – 71 s.

Smolii V. A. U poshukakh novoi kontseptsii istorii Vyzvolnoi viiny ukrainskoho narodu XVII st. / V. A. Smolii, V. S. Stepankov. – K.: AN Ukrainy, 1992. – 41s.

Smolii V. A. Tvorets ukrainskoi derzhavy / V. A. Smolii, V. S. Stepankov // Ukraina. – 1992. – № 29–32.

Smolii V. A. Bohdan Khmelnytskyi (sotsialno-politychnyi portret) / V. A. Smolii, V. S. Stepankov. – 2-he vyd., dop., pererob. – K.: Lybid, 1995. – 624 s.

Smolii V. A. Bohdan Khmelnytskyi: Khronika zhyttia ta diialnosti / V. A. Smolii, V. S. Stepankov. – K.: Naukova dumka, 1994. – 260 s.

Stepanchuk Yu. S. Problemy derzhavotvorennia v Ukraini druhoi polovyny XVII – XVIII st. v otsintsi novitnoi istoriohrafii / Yu. S. Stepanchuk // Naukovyi visnyk Chernivetskoho

universytetu. Vypusk 378-379. – Chernivtsi, 2008. – S. 154–155.

Stepanchuk Yu. S. Vidrodzhennia natsionalnoi istoriohrafii ta factory zminy obrazu Bohdana Khmelnytskoho na mezhi 80-90-kh rr. XX st. / Yu. S. Stepanchuk // Eminak. Naukovyi shchokvartalnyk № 3 (15) lypen-veresen. – tom 4. – Kyiv-Mykolaiv, 2016. – S. 53–60.

Bazhenov L. V. Podii Ukrainskoi natsionalnoi revoliutsii 1648-1657 rr. na Pogilli ta Pivdenno-Skhidnii Volyni v istoryko-kraieznavchykh doslidzhenniakh druhoi polovyny XX st. / L. V. Bazhenov // Kraieznavstvo. – 1999. – № 1. – S. 58–61.

Full Text: PDF (Українська)


  • There are currently no refbacks.
2014 22   29 Том 328
2015 9   22 29
2016 1   02 3-4
2017 1 2 3 4
2018 1 2 3-4


Journal Content