Protection of women’s rights in household measurements on Ukraine (X – XVI centuty)
Introduction. The problem of women’s human rights and women’s issue - it’s not the same thing. At certain times they may be the same, but mostly in politics konkretyzuyuchys specific countries in the world, they are not identical. The phenomenon of women’s human rights is universal, human rights and uniform standard. They find their form as documents of international and global organizations, whose members act as sovereign countries. Therefore, we must examine a range of issues concerning women’s legal studies these centuries.
Purpose. Is to study complex social life of women in the light of studies of various spheres of life - family, financial, social, using different research strategies historical anthropology and the history of everyday life X - the middle of the XVI century. Appropriate choice of study is considered women’s rights at household level and punishment for atrocities committed by them.
Methods. Historical, descriptional methods, the method of typological analysis.
Results. The situation of women in in the light of feudal society and church law to the sixteenth century. formally no different from that of men. Some established and examined differences could actually be in favor of women (double penalty for some crimes, abuse of credit) and towards limiting its rights (in part ‘obedience’ to the court). From the XII - XIII century. and even before women of all social groups, except holopok were required to be responsible for crimes committed by them or their immediate family members, which is an additional indication that women to the mid-sixteenth century. became independent entities.
Originality. It was possible to compile scientific views on the formation of features private life of women in the process of property and social rights, public and social factors influence the formation of female identity under legal protection in this period.
Conclusion. It was concluded that the government formally made life normal legal protection of life and honour depend women fines for crimes committed against non-privileged state representatives were significantly lower than for similar offenses committed against women of noble birth. Those are some information about the financial position of representatives of the feudal-dependent population, allow us to understand that this form from the socially dependent women distributed only to a certain set of mobility. As feudalization feudal society and strengthen these trends of law falling.
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