Anna Оleksandrivna KAYUK


Abstract. Sharp changes which occurred in Soviet Union in 1985 covered all the aspects of life, namely, economics, policy, culture and social consciousness. These changes brought the long-waited freedom of speech. In the «perestroika» period, the transfer from a closed totalitarian regime to the «glasnost» was started. The media encounter new challenges: (a) true coverage of current realities, (b) carrying out a comprehensive and objective analysis of events, (c) to be a bearer of new values. Publicistic articles of «Ogonek» magazine became an example of democratic thought. The publications dedicated to the Stalin’s era acquire a particular interest. The aim of the article is to study the formation of the historical truth about the Holodomor of 1932–1933 on the «Ogonyok» magazine pages. Research methods are the following: descriptive method, the comparative historical method; particularly valuable results during the study of the magazine publications provides the method of content analysis. The obtained results reflect to a comprehensive analysis of publications about the Holodomor in the magazine. Also, certain aspects of this subject in the memories of witnesses and victims of the famine have been tracked. The following important aspects of the problem on the magazine pages, namely, nature of famine, its reasons and demographic consequences have been pointed out by the Author. The problem-thematic analysis of the publications of the «Ogonyok» magazine does provide a valuable material for understanding the interaction of political life and the media. This also contributes to study the impact of mass publications on citizens’ public consciousness.


famine; the Holodomor; totalitarianism; demography; mass publication


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