Organizational principles of the diocesan administration of the Russian Orthodox Church in Ukraine in the second half of the 19th century: historiography

I. Gorpynchenko

Abstract


Introduction. History of development of the administration system in dioceses of the Russian Orthodox Church in Ukraine in the second half of the 19th century remains one of the perspective and unfinished areas of research. Today it is important to find the elements of church order, which would show, firstly, that deformed church body contained living Ukrainian traditions of conciliarity, and secondly, undiscovered potential of participation of clergy and laity in social and national processes.

Purpose. Reproduction of main features of integral historiography of the diocesan administration system of the Russian Orthodox Church in Ukraine in the second half of the 19th century.

Results. The analysis found that researchers in their studios followed high church or Ukrainian national concepts. The first concept was based on the monopoly of the Russian Orthodox Church in the confessional space of Ukraine. The second one confirmed unnatural takeover of Ukrainian church by the Russian one, and defended prospects of institutional restoration of the Ukrainian Orthodox Church.

Consolidated conclusions of researches on trends of the diocesan administration of the Russian Orthodox Church in Ukraine in the second half of the 19th century: growing dependence of the church on the state; strengthening of centralization of the diocesan administration system; establishing latent ways to preserve Ukrainian high church traditions for individual parishes.

Conclusion. According to the historiography of the problem, the second half of the 19th century was the period of undivided rule of the Russian Orthodox Church in Ukraine. Evolution of the administrative control of the Russian Orthodox Church in Ukraine underwent three stages of scientific understanding. Pre-Soviet time researchers summarized powerful layer of sources on peculiarities of realization of administrative functions by diocesan bishops and church charity. Soviet historiography of the problem was characterized by focused harping on the facts, in particular in terms of fusion of church and state apparatus, clericalization of church life and enhance of parasitic nature of the church. Modern, mainly national historiography, came to the initial level of analysis of specific diocesan administration of the Orthodox Church in Ukraine. As it turned out, the main idea was in more strict centralization of the church administration system, particularly due to the urgency of the national problem in Ukraine, its proximity to the Western Roman Catholic and Protestant world.


Keywords


historiography, Ukrainian lands, Russian Orthodox Church, dioceses, welfare, diocesan bishops, second half of the 19th century

References


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