THE DEVELOPMENT OF PRIVATE MILL BUSINESS IN THE NEP PERIOD

V. V. OLIANYCH

Abstract


Introduction. The exploration of the organizational forms of the mill business in the NEP period is an important phase in the development of agriculture in Ukraine.

Purpose of this article is exploration of the history of transformation of the mill business in the context of nationalization and denationalization of this sector of industrial enterprises in Ukraine.

Results. The functioning system of the mill entrepreneurship in the Ukrainian SSR in the NEP period was based on private, rental, public and cooperative mills. The primary organizational form of mill entrepreneurship was rental, and their users became former owners. In the rental industry flour milling sector dominated by a number of enterprises and amount of rent – 76.3% of the total rental rate in 1924/25 year. The 74 percent of rental companies were used by private individuals, and the part of private capital in the milling industry was then reached only 78.2%. The state's milling industry was created through the nationalization of private mills and the construction of new state mills and elevators is on the second half of the 1920s. The so-called commodity mills, which primarily consisted of state and co-operative, provided flour to the urban and the remaining mills operated in rural areas. Elimination of private mills and limitations of the private milling industry in the late 1920-ies has upset the balance of the provision of bread to the urban population, the number of which steadily grew.

Originality of the results is based on new conceptual insights and systematic approach to addressing the problem of the mill business.

Conclusions. The vast majority of mills hit the rental stock, but the former owners tried to return, indicating a desire to engage private industry in business. Mills, who acted in the villages, were the central industrial buildings, around which to develop other sectors of agriculture. The total nationalization, which lasted for 1920-1922 years, significantly undermines the social and economic foundations of mill business subsidiary in Ukraine. The policy of class restrictions and curtailment of private enterprise, particularly in the late 20's finally destroyed this original way of industry and agriculture daily life.

Keywords


mlynarstvo mill; NEP; milling industry; private enterprise

References


References:

Kachinskyy V. (1925). “The young shoots of farming in a Ukrainian village” Hozaistvo Ukrainy (Property of Ukraine), 10. 98–108 (in Russ.)

Larin Yu. (1925). Soviet village. Moscow: Economic life (in Russ.)

Kritsman L. (1929). The Proletarian Revolution and village. Moscow: State publisher (in Russ.)

Kulchytskyy S. V. (1995). Ukrainian SSR in the NEP period (1921–1928 years): The try to construct the conceptual basis of real history. Kyiv: Institute of History of Ukraine, Nationa Academy of Sciences of Ukraine (in Ukr.)

Morozov A. H. (1993). Village and money: Ukrainian credit co-operation in NEP period. Cherkasy: NDITEKhIM (in Ukr.)

Marochko V. I. (1995). Ukrainian peasant co-operation. Historical-theoretical aspect. Kyiv: Institute of History of Ukraine, Nationa Academy of Sciences of Ukraine (in Ukr.)

Kalinichenko V. V. (1997). Ukrainian agriculture in the NEP period: Historical and economic research. Kharkiv: Osnova (in Ukr.)

Volosnyk Yu. P (2014). Entrepreneurs and private enterprise in the Soviet Union in the NEP period (on Ukrainian materials). Kharkiv: “Contrast” (in Ukr.)

Kalinichenko V. V. (2015) Institute of land society in pre-collective farm village of Naddnipryanska Ukraine (1917–1930). Odessa: Odessa I.I.Mechnikov National University (in Ukr.)

Central State Archives of higher authorities and management of Ukraine Ф.539, Оп. 4, Спр. 360

Tsofras S. (1925). “How to recover basic capital of commercial flour milling in Ukraine” Khlebnoe i mukomolnoe delo SSSR (Bread and flour milling business of USSR), 4-5, 34-36 (in Russ.)

“Flour milling industry” (1925) Khlebnoe i mukomolnoe delo SSSR (Bread and flour milling business of USSR), 9-10, 48–49 (in Russ.)

“In the Kyiv region” (1925) Khlebnoe i mukomolnoe delo SSSR (Bread and flour milling business of USSR), 1, 48–49 (in Russ.)

“Chronicle” (1925) Khlebnoe i mukomolnoe delo SSSR (Bread and flour milling business of USSR), 6, 41–43 (in Russ.)

“Co-operation in Ukraine in 1925–26 year” (1926) Stasystyka Ukrainy (Statistics of Ukraine), 2, 12–14 (in Ukr.)

Osiatunskyy L. (1928). “Mills and agricultural cooperation” Kooperovana hromada (Cooperative society), 2, 12–14 (in Ukr.)

Lytvak M. (1926). “The status of rental industry in Ukraine in 1924–25 years. and prospects of its development” Hozaistvo Ukrainy (Property of Ukraine), 7, 84–87. (in Russ.)

Sverzhyn L (1928). “The private industry of Ukraine (capitalist and handicraft artisan)” Bilshovyl Ukrainy (Bolshevik of Ukraine), 18, 48–49 (in Ukr.)

Central State Archives of higher authorities and management of Ukraine. – Ф. 539, Оп. 5, Спр. 1327.

Central State Archives of higher authorities and management of Ukraine. – Ф. 539, Оп. 5, Спр. 2779, 9

(1993) Collectivization and famine in Ukraine. 1929-1933: Collection of documents and materials. The second edition, stereotyped. Kyiv: Naukova Dumka (in Ukr.)


Full Text: PDF

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.
Archive
2014 22   29 Том 328
2015 9   22 29
2016 1   02 3-4
2017 1 2 3 4
2018 1 2 3-4

User

Journal Content

Browse

Language