BREAKDOWN OF PEOPLE’S CONFIDENCE IN THE ORTHODOX CHURCH IN THE RUSSIAN EMPIRE IN THE LATE XIX – EARLY XX CENTURY (FOR EXAMPLE, SOUTH UKRAINE)

О. V. Tatarchenko, P. O. Tokalenko

Abstract


Introduction: Russian Orthodox Church in the early twentieth century experienced a spiritual crisis that is associated with a reduction in the number of Orthodox believers. Not coincidentally, the first Russian revolution was decisive for the Orthodox Church with ideological point of view. The question of whom to support in the internal political conflict was not, however, were members of the clergy among the revolutionaries. Traditionally, most clergy supported the monarchical power and therefore the question: Why is the church did not remained at the side of the protesters, who defended the liberal aspirations of the Russian Empire is still relevant.

Purpose: The authors try to investigate the causes of decline in the authority of the Orthodox Church in the early twentieth century and clarify the role of the clergy in the events of the first Russian revolution in the south of Ukraine.

Results: Based on their study the authors argue that the peasantry and urban poor suddenly find themselves on the field of ideological struggle between the supporters of the official church and atheists. Moreover, it should be noted that atheists are often used unequivocal arguments against Church, referring to crimes in which the Russian Orthodox Church took part in the First Russian Revolution and emphasizing that the clergy despite it not got any punishment.

Originality: The authors try to investigate the events of the Russian Revolution in southern Ukraine on the basis of documentary sources, reflecting society's attitude to the Orthodox clergy, also analyzed literary works Ukrainian writers of the late nineteenth early twentieth century.

Conclusion: Summarizing the results of support church the monarchy, the authors argue that the Russian Orthodox Church as a social institution in the Russian Empire finally lost the confidence of the population, openly taking anti-revolutionary position. For intellectuals church became synonymous of monarchism that identified with autocratic rule. It is no coincidence that the image of Orthodox priest associated with the policy of terror during the reaction to the liberal and radical revolutionary-minded intellectuals. Thus Orthodoxy was the reason for the division of society into supporters and critics of the Orthodox ideology.


Keywords


Russian Orthodox Church, the First Russian Revolution, South Ukraine, Protestant flow, counter-revolutionary movement.

References


References

Reference « Assistant Chief of Gendarmerie of Tavria ». Fund 745. Description 1. Case 1.– State Archives of Odesa region. Odesa (in Ukrainian).

SLYN'KO, A.A. (1992) Prophetic words of the Russian Revolution. History.Voronezh. (In Russian).

KRAPOTKYN P. (1906) In Russian and French prisons. History. St. Petersburg. (In Russian).

SAVCHENKO S.V. (2010) The view of missionaries on "freethinkers" and "faithfuls" parishioners of Orthodox church in southern Ukraine in early twentieth century. Ukrainian Historical Journal. No. 1 .p. 107–128. (in Ukrainian).

NAUMOVA O. (2006) Silver Age. Medicine for from earthliness.A man without borders. No. 12 .p. 4–16. (in Russian).

FRIZ G. (1990) Church, religion and political culture in the sunset of the old regime. Proceedings of the Reform or Revolution? (Russia, St. Petersburg, June 04–07, 1990), St. Petersburg, p. 394.

TARANETS S.V. (2011) Old Believers and the "culture" of bribery in Russia. Ukrainian Historical Journal. No. 2 .p. 50–65. (in Ukrainian).

LOKHMATOVA A.I. (2003) Orthodox clergy, religion and the church in the lives of the peasantry of the late nineteenth century. Culturological Journal. No. 11 .p. 9–15. (in Ukrainian).

KLIMAKOV JU. With whom was the "Black Hundred"? Young guard. No. 9 .p. 219–240. (in Russian).

Reference « Mykolayiv City Council. Mykolayiv. District of Kherson, Kherson province (1870-1920)». Fund 216. Description 1. Case 1467. Derzhavniyj arkhiv Mykolaivs’koi oblasti – State Archives of Mykolayiv region. Mykolayiv (in Ukrainian).

GAZIZOVA O. (1994) We have no king but Caesar. Science and Religion. No. 2. p. 7–9. (in Russian).

MAR'JANOV B. (1985) On the crest of the revolutionary wave. Science and Religion. No. 12. p. 2-3. (in Soviet Union).

Reference « Council of Alexander city. Alexandrivsk town of Katerynoslav province». Fund 24. Description 1. Case 231. Derzhavniyj arkhiv Zaporizkoi oblasti – State Archives of Zaporizhzhya region. Zaporizhzhya (in Ukrainian).

ZYRJANOV P.N. (1984) The Orthodox Church in the struggle with the revolution of 1905–1907. History. Moscow. (In Russian).

ZYRJANOV P.N. (1985) 1905 year and the church. Science and Religion. No. 12. p. 12–14. (in Soviet Union).

SAVCHYN M.S. (1991) Proceedings on political history. Organization of monarchists in Russia. History. Moscow. (In Russian).

NEWSPAPER (1907) « News of Odessa ». No. 2. p. 4. (in Russian Empire).

USHEROVYCH S. (1932) The bloody tornado. History. Kharkov. (in Soviet Union).

SHKAROVSKIJ M.V. (2010) Russian Orthodox Church in the twentieth century. History. Moscow. (In Russian).

NEWSPAPER (1906) « Kherson diocesan news ». No. 7. p. 176-190. (in Russian Empire).

Klitin A. (1906) Word for the New Year. Kherson diocesan news. No. 1. – p. 1 – 8. (in Russian Empire).

BORISENKO M.V. (1989) Influence of experience of the first Russian revolution on the public image of the Russian students in inter-revolutionary period (1907–1917 gg.). Proceedings of the New about the revolution of 1905–1907 (Soviet Union, Leningrad, 1989), Leningrad, p. 200.

Reference « Police of Nikolaev . Nikolaev. Kherson district, Kherson province (1840-1916)». Fund 231. Description 1. Case 4043. Derzhavniyj arkhiv Mykolaivs’koi oblasti – State Archives of Mykolayiv region. Mykolayiv (in Ukrainian).

ORTHODOX KHERSON. (2015) Official site. From http://pravoslavie.ks.ua/article/istoriya-eparhii (in Ukrainian)


Full Text: PDF

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.
Archive
2014 22   29 Том 328
2015 9   22 29
2016 1   02 3-4
2017 1 2 3 4
2018 1 2 3-4

User

Journal Content

Browse

Language