KRIVOSHEIN AND RESETTLEMENT PROCESSES IN THE RUSSIAN EMPIRE IN THE EARLY XX CENTURY
The beginning of the 20th century became critical in the history of modern Russia. The crash of autocracy, Bolshevik’s arrival to the power, World War I and a range of other upheavals which happened to the country. A lot of contemporary explorers try to find out the reasons that caused the throwing down of the tsarism, and the majority of them singles out the problem of solution of agrarian problem in which the primary mass of population was interested (74% formed peasantry). That is why the research and the rethinking of agrarian changes of the beginning of the 20th century is quite topical nowadays.
In this article the main aspects of O. Kryvoshein’s activity aimed at resolving the resettlement processes in the Russian Empire at the beginning of the twentieth century on the basis of data source are revealed. There is no doubt that he played a key role in the development and implementation of Stolypin’s agrarian reform.
O. Kryvoshein was directly involved in developing the legislative framework for large-scale resettlement of peasants from European Russia to Western and Eastern Siberia and the Far East. The authorities tried to allay social tension in the society that was largely caused by the crisis of agrarian relations in the state at the expense of the development of new territories.On the other hand the realization of the reform included the creation of a new class of peasant farmers who would support the existing regime with the help of the state.
The author examines in detail the procedure of resettlement of the peasantry in the Russian Empire at the beginning of the twentieth century, conditionally dividing it into two stages: the first – preparation and moving of settlers; the second – the process of internal differentiation of allocated land.
In the article special place is given to the analysis of the Peasant’s Land Bank and its role in resettlement process. The author of the article analyses advantages and disadvantages of A. Krivoshein’s activities and draws reader’s attention to disputable issues of the realization of land management works.
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