THE USE OF NITROGEN COMPOUNDS FOR EXPLOSIVES MANUFACTURING
History of discovery of explosives on the basis of compounds of the connected nitrogen is shown. Main industrial enterprises of Ukraine that produce these compounds were found out. The first explosive mixes and a creation process of smoky gunpowder were considered. The way of explosive using in military affairs on the basis of natural saltpeter was analyzed. The first using of gunpowder was established for peaceful application for clearing a channel of the Neman River and for mining. Receiving nitroglycerine was a considerable achievement in creation of explosive. It has allowed to create the whole group of explosives. Creation of dynamite became revolution in explosive business.
In the 19th and 20th century big material and human resources were involved in maintenance of military technologies. Creations of mixes based on saltpeter, smokeless gunpowder, nitric compounds are considered. The significant contribution of scientists to creation and development of new explosives is shown. Negative effect of explosive using in a peacetime was found out. Efficiency of emulsion explosives using was proved. It is shown what using of emulsion explosives allowed to solve partially ecological problems; safety problems of explosive works, allowed to reduce plunders of explosives and to reduce cost of explosive works.
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