THE EVIDENCE OF THE PETTY OFFICERS AND OFFICERS OF THE ARMY OF UKRAINIAN PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC ABOUT THE SIGNIFICANCE OF THE RELIGIOUS FACTOR IN THE MINDS AND MOTIVES OF THE MIDDLE DNIEPER REGION REBELS IN 1918–1921

Nadiya Mukolaivna ZOZULIA

Abstract


Abstract. Introdution. The challenges facing Ukraine and its people over the past years, requires high interest to the historical significance of the religious factor in the Ukrainian liberation movement, especially during the National Revolution 1917–1921, as well as the issue of conflict between various rebel forces personnel and professional military. The latter is particularly important because of estimates, that were declared by the experts of General Staff of Ukrainian Armed Forces during 2014–2016 for diverse volunteer formation.

Methods of researching are represented by: analysis of sources; comparative method; comparative and systematization; generalization.

Results. The author analyzed the content of the memoirs of petty officers and officers of the Ukrainian People’s Republic, including memoirs of Chief Otaman S. Petliura, generals O. Grekov, M. Omelianovych-Pavlenko and Y. Tyutyunnik, colonel O. Vyshnivsky, lieutenant colonel Y. Gorodyanin-Lisovski (Gorlis-Gorsky) and O. Dotsenko, captains H. Avramenko, Y. Galchevsky and I. Lutiy- Lyutenko, black Cossacks – P. Dyachenko and M. Doroshenko. There are a lot of stories, that reveal different aspects of the insurgency in the Middle Dnieper during 1918–1921’s., as well as their own professional military comment on the matter.

Originality. Author of the publication by the analysis of memoirs and epistolary heritage of petty officers and officers of the Army of Ukrainian People’s Republic firstly in the ukrainian historiography touched problem about the influence of the religious factor on the minds, motives and actions of the rebels – the participants of the liberation struggle on the lands of the Middle Dnieper in the 1918–1921.

Conclusion. Memoirs of petty officers and officers of Ukrainian People’s Republic are valuable, perspective and not enough studied group of sources on the history of insurgency in the Middle Dnieper during 1918–1921. Different authors showed various aspects of guerrilla life: political-military, economic, daily, organizational, spiritual etc. The latter, in our opinion, is the least illuminated today, despite the fact that the place and role of the religious factor in the rebel struggle in the pages of the memoirs of military personnel of Ukrainian People’s Republic a lot of space was given.


Keywords


memoirs; epistolary sources; officers; petty officers; the Army of Ukrainian People’s Republic; the rebel movement; the Middle Dnieper region; religion; motivation; collective consciousness

References


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